Overweight and obesity have become a worldwide epidemic with approximately 1.3 billion individuals being overweight. This is not simply a cosmetic problem, because it leads, depending on severity, to a series of pathological metabolic changes, which in turn promote the development of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer, arthrosis, etc.
Particularly harmful is the fatty tissue located in the abdomen, since fat cells there produce various pro-inflammatory substances such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and C-reactive protein (CRP). In overweight individuals, the concentration of these inflammatory markers in blood tends to be high. Since the cells have a reduced sensitivity to insulin (insulin resistance), overweight is considered the first step to diabetes mellitus.
Various studies have proven that overweight individuals routinely have micronutrient deficiencies, which enhance the pathological metabolic changes and complicate efforts to reduce body weight.
A precise therapeutic treatment with micronutrients can prove beneficial.
Analyzing various hormones, inflammation mediators and other laboratory parameters of overweight individuals is useful to determine the current health risk, to appraise potential functionality deficiencies of the organism and to support weight loss.
Overweight and obesity have become a worldwide epidemic with approximately 1.3 billion individuals being overweight.
A targeted micronutrient therapy can help you feel better and attain the weight you are comfortable with.
A brief explanation of the most common Laboratory Parameters
The so-called thyroid hormones TSH, fT3 and fT4 essentially regulate the basal metabolic rate of the organism. Decreased thyroid hormone levels may cause obesity.
Cortisol is an important metabolic hormone produced by the adrenal glands. In every type of stress situation, cortisol is increasingly disseminated. In chronic stress, the cortisol level tends to be permanently high, which can lead to overweight and insulin resistance.
Aldosterone increases the reabsorption of sodium in the kidneys and thereby the retention of water in the body.
HbA1c is a reliable parameter of the glucose level in blood and therefore suitable for monitoring the effectiveness of blood sugar controllers. It is the so-called “memory of glucose level of the red blood cells”.
The parameters Fibrinogen, Ferritin and hsCRP serve to appraise the tendency to inflammation. In overweight individuals a low-level chronic inflammation exists with all its negative impacts on the cardiovascular system, joints and metabolism.
Serotonin is derived drom the amino acid tryptophane and is an important messenger in the nervous system. Among other tasks, serotonin regulates the appetite and disposition. A lack of serotonin can lead to an increasing desire for carbohydrates and thus weight gain.
Arginine plays a central role in the regulation of the circulation. It also stimulates the growth hormone which is needed for breaking down fat.
A shortage of Cysteine favors muscle loss and increases the percentage of body fat. Cysteine is a precursor of glutathione, the core antioxidant in the cells.
Glycine improves the breakdown of body fat by stimulating the secretion of growth hormone.
Phenylalanine/Tyrosine are the precursors of dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline and the hormones of the thyroid gland.
Tryptophane is essential for serotonin synthesis. A shortage can lead to a ravenous appetite.
Various studies show the higher the body weight, the lower the Vitamin C value.
Chromium is essential for the regulation of blood sugar metabolism.
Methionine is a component of carnitine and is necessary for the synthesis of adrenaline, which works to break down fat. A adequate supply of methionine can counteract fat build-up in the liver.
Taurine improves liver metabolism, stimulates cho-lesterol excretion and the immune system and is an antioxidant.
Carnitine is needed for the metabolism of fat. Ineffective fat metabolism can result from an inadequate supply of carnitine. Carnitine supplements can ease weight loss when combined with reduced calorie intake and physical activity.
A shortage of Magnesium increases the probability of developing metabolic syndrome.
Overweight is frequently associated with a Zinc deficiency, which, among other things, explains the increased susceptibility to infections among the overweight.
Various studies have shown Selenium levels to be lower among overweight and obese individuals than among persons with normal weight.
Excessive levels of heavy metals like Lead, Mercury and Aluminium can cause energy metabolism dsyfunction in the cells and are risk factors for the dangerous diseases associated with overweight.